＜国際シンポジウム＞ 近代化と女性・家族 Modernity and New Women:‘Shopgirls’in Britain and Japan
|13:30||趣旨説明：山口みどり Midori Yamaguchi|
|13:40||講演：パメラ・コックス Pamela Cox
‘Shopgirls’, Modernity and ‘New Women’ in Britain and Beyond
|14:40||コメント：青木淳子 Junko Aoki
Shopgirls as ‘Modern girls’in Japan
Pamela Cox is a professor of sociology and social history at the University of Essex. She is the chair of the Social History Society, one of the UK’s ‘learned societies’. She recently presented two BBC television series on women’s work, Servants (2012) and Shopgirls (2014). Her teaching and research covers questions of gender, work, family life, crime and the life-course. She has recently joined the editorial board of Asian Women, an interdisciplinary and cross-cultural journal published by the Research Institute of Asian Women based in Seoul.
‘Shopgirls’, Modernity and ‘new women’ in Britain and beyond
by Pamela Cox
Britain was famously described by Napoleon as ‘a nation of shopkeepers’. In his eyes, British power was based on commerce rather than grand designs. He was to be proved correct. By 1900, the British service sector was the largest in the world - a highly varied economic sphere employing over a third of all British workers. Most of these workers were based in retail, distribution and transport followed by domestic, care and financial services. Within retail, a growing number of these workers were young women. In the 1820s, a new term was coined to describe them: ‘shopgirls’. Over time, they would come to dominate this previously male-dominated realm but also to embody the rise of urban consumer culture in Britain with its new contested forms of aesthetic, emotional and sexualised labour. Like other kinds of ‘new women’, ‘shopgirls’ were powerful yet ambiguous symbols of modernity. Unlike other kinds of ‘new women’, however, their history has only recently been addressed. This paper draws on research and images assembled for my recent BBC television series, Shopgirls, and accompanying co-authored book (Cox and Hobley, 2014). It also explores the parallel rise of shopgirls in other parts of the world, including Japan.